About Nicotine Replacement Therapy, Pharmaceuticals & Other Quit Aids
There are nicotine replacement therapies (NRT), pharmaceuticals, and other quit therapies that can help smokers deal with withdrawal symptoms and can lessen the urge to smoke. Using these products can double their chances of quitting. Tobacco Free Florida offers free NRT to Floridians, like nicotine patch and nicotine gum, when medically appropriate through its “3 Ways to Quit” services. Click here for more information about our free services.
If you prescribe a pharmaceutical solution, those patients can still tap into our support systems for additional help including cessation counseling.
You should only recommend products that have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), as these products have been proven safe and effective. Encourage patients to use them as directed on the product label. Using unapproved products could derail an attempt to quit smoking and prolong a smoker’s battle. Even worse, non FDA-approved products can carry serious health risks. NRT is only approved for sale to adults age 18 or older – younger patients may require other options.
Remind patients that NRT, pharmaceuticals and other quit aids are best used as part of a personalized quit plan. Tobacco Free Florida has free resources for patients. Click here to learn more.
NRTs work and can double a smoker’s chances of quitting alongside behavioral support from Tobacco Free Florida!
Over-the-Counter (OTC) NRTs Include:
Skin Patches: Available as a generic product known as transdermal nicotine patches, as private-label products, and under brand names like Habitrol and Nicoderm. These patches are affixed to the skin, similar to how you would apply an adhesive bandage.
Chewing Gum: Available as a generic product known as nicotine gum, as private-label products, and under brand names like Nicorette.
Lozenges: Available as a generic product known as nicotine lozenges, as private-label products, and under brand names like Commit.
Prescription-Only NRTs Include:
A nasal spray and an oral inhaler are available under brand names like Nicotrol.
Non-Nicotine Quit Aids:
Prescription-only non-nicotine medications, like Chantix (varenicline tartrate) and Zyban (buproprion), are approved by the FDA to help patients quit smoking. They show very promising results for patients in their quit attempts by decreasing cravings and withdraw symptoms. Both carry serious risks, and patients should be made aware of these risks and monitored during use.